Survival News

Building Wealth is Boring – Miyagi Mornings Epi-164

Survival Podcast - Tue, 09/07/2021 - 12:14
Some times things just all line up. Recently I saw a post about BTC saying, “Bitcoin is boring” meaning we should all be buying up Doge Shit Coins, I guess. Anyway my response was, “Every reliable way of building wealth … Continue reading →

Deal Alert – Champion 2000-Watt Dual Fuel Inverter Ultralight Generator

Survival Podcast - Tue, 09/07/2021 - 10:40
Not a full item of the day write up today and full disclosure unlike almost everything I feature on TspAz I don’t own this item.  Let me say though if I didn’t own multiple generators already, I’d buy this one … Continue reading →

What Exactly Is This “Great Reset” People Keep Talking About?

Organic Prepper - Tue, 09/07/2021 - 07:48
by Jeff Thompson

For those who may not know, (and those who do) here is a primer on The Great Reset.

Buckle your seat belts for this one because it’s … Read the rest

The post What Exactly Is This “Great Reset” People Keep Talking About? appeared first on The Organic Prepper.

Countering Stress-Induced Immune Suppression with Diet

Nutrition blog - Tue, 09/07/2021 - 07:00

How might we improve immune function in children and adults under physical or psychological stress? 

Natural immunomodulators”—compounds that might regulate our immune systems naturally—”are getting more and more popular. The popularity, however, often brings over-optimistic claims and mediocre effects.” Such mythical beasts have been sought after for centuries. The current market is full of all sorts of supplements “promising the golden fleece”—inexpensive and without side effects, yet actively boosting our immune systems. “Many are simply repeating claims with hardly any substantial scientific background” to support them. On the other hand, there’s beta-glucan, which has undergone more than 10,000 scientific studies and clinical trials. Wait, what? If you remember, beta-glucan is the fiber in nutritional yeast I talked about previously in my video Preserving Immune Function in Athletes with Nutritional Yeast, and it is able to decrease episodes of common illnesses in young children. What about in adults? 

But, first, why can’t researchers just come up with a vaccine against the common cold virus? Because there is no single common cold virus. Hundreds of different viruses are implicated in causing cold-like symptoms, which is why there is so much interest in finding a general, nonspecific immune booster that works across the board, as I discuss in my video Flashback Friday: Best Food to Counter Stress-Induced Immune Suppression

Immunoglobulin A (IgA) is an antibody that plays a crucial role in the immune function of our moist membranes, such as our eyes, nose, and mouth. As you can see at 1:27 in my video, beta-glucan supplementation can increase IgA levels in the saliva within four days at a daily dose of 400mg, but not at 100mg. So, the effective amount is found in about two daily teaspoons of nutritional yeast, but a half teaspoon is ineffective. A single teaspoon’s worth didn’t do much until research participants exercised. As you can see at 1:48 in my video, two hours after a 50–minute bout of strenuous cycling in a hot, humid environment, those who had been on the yeast beta-glucan did get that IgA boost. However, beta-glucans failed to boost the antimicrobial activity of white blood cells of subjects who had been taking about a tablespoon’s worth a day, as you can see at 2:06 in my video. What we care about, though, are clinical outcomes. Do those consuming beta-glucans suffer significantly fewer infections? 

How about a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled nutritional study to see if yeast beta-glucan can improve our immune defense system? Sounds good! One hundred people were followed for 26 weeks. Fifty subjects got about a tablespoon of nutritional yeast’s worth of beta-glucan a day, and the other half got a placebo. Participants counted how many episodes of the common cold they got, and there was no significant difference. If you look only at the first half of the study duration, during cold season, there did appear to be fewer infections in the beta-glucan group, but going back and looking at your data after the fact is what’s called a post-hoc analysis, which is frowned upon by the scientific community because it increases the likelihood that your findings are due to chance. However, those who did end up getting sick while on the beta-glucan did genuinely appear to suffer milder symptoms, as you can see at 3:09 in my video. A similar, larger study had similar findings. The severity of the colds may have lessened, but, in the main analysis, there was no significant difference in the number of times people got colds in the first place. 

Indeed, “no significant differences between the treatment and placebo groups in the number of SRI [symptomatic respiratory infection] episodes” were seen in other studies, and there was no significant effect on upper respiratory tract infection outcomes either. So, overall, the results were pretty disappointing. 

But, wait a second. What about my previous video that I mentioned at the start of this article? The one about preserving immune function in athletes with nutritional yeast. In that video, I had discussed how researchers had found a significant drop in cold symptoms at two weeks and at four weeks after a marathon at doses of one teaspoon of yeast’s worth of beta-glucan a day and also at two teaspoons’ worth. Okay, the subjects had just run a marathon, though…but, wait. Remember the study where the effect only seemed to emerge after strenuous exercise? That’s where beta-glucan seems to shine: counteracting the toll that extreme physical exertion can have on our immune function. 

In an athlete, that may just mean some lost training or practice days, but for soldiers or firefighters, for example, maintaining one’s health—even in the context of heavy physical stress—could be critical. Yes, but that’s counteracting the effects of physical stress. What about mental stress? 

Stressful life events can impair our moist membrane defenses, such that “psychological stress [has] been shown to increase susceptibility to the common cold and increased upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) episodes.” So we’re talking stressed-out people getting more colds and worse colds than people under less stress. Can beta-glucan help in any way? Indeed, in a study of healthy women under “moderate levels of psychological stress,” those taking about a teaspoon of nutritional yeast’s worth of beta-glucans every day for 12 weeks were 60 percent less likely to report experiencing symptoms like a sore throat, stuffy or runny nose, or cough. “This strongly suggests that…yeast beta-glucan is able to counteract the negative effects of stress on the immune system,” and, as you can see at 5:24 in my video, the subjects on beta-glucan experienced 41 percent greater vigor, which is a measure that encompasses “physical energy, mental acuity, and emotional well-being.” So, they just felt better, too. 

When we put all the studies together, yeast beta-glucans do appear to have “an immune strengthening effect,” at least in children and those under physical or mental stress. 

KEY TAKEAWAYS

  • Beta-glucan, the fiber in nutritional yeast, is able to decrease episodes of common illnesses in young children.
  • The antibody immunoglobulin A (IgA) is important for our moist membranes, including our eyes, nose, and mouth. 
  • About two daily teaspoons of nutritional yeast can increase IgA levels in saliva within four days.
  • Yeast beta-glucan intake may improve our immune defense system, able to reduce the severity of colds.
  • Two and four weeks after subjects ran a marathon, researchers found significant drops in cold symptoms at doses of one and two teaspoons of yeast’s worth of beta-glucan a day.
  • Beta-glucan seems to excel at counteracting extreme physical exertion and psychological stress.
  • Overall, yeast beta-glucans appear to have “an immune strengthening effect” in children and those under physical or mental stress. 

Best Food to Prevent Common Childhood Infections is the video I produced about child immune function. What about the Benefits of Nutritional Yeast for Cancer? 

Some people probably should not eat nutritional yeast, though. See:  

To learn more about foods that may help support optimal immune function, see: 

 In health, 

Michael Greger, M.D. 

PS: If you haven’t yet, you can subscribe to my free videos here and watch my live presentations: 

Homemade Grape Jelly Recipe – Made With Fresh Grapes or Juice

Old World Garden - Tue, 09/07/2021 - 01:27

It has been a great year for the grape harvest and that means it is time to share our homemade grape jelly recipe. As much as I see websites posting …

The post Homemade Grape Jelly Recipe – Made With Fresh Grapes or Juice appeared first on Old World Garden Farms.

Keto Sheet Pan Bake Creamy Tomato Basil Chicken

Real Food RN - Mon, 09/06/2021 - 12:15

This high-protein dish is a perfect quick meal to throw together during the week. Pair it with your favorite sides or a salad for a complete dinner.

The post Keto Sheet Pan Bake Creamy Tomato Basil Chicken appeared first on Real Food RN.

Grapes again

David the Good - Mon, 09/06/2021 - 08:17

We got in some muscadines, at long last:

I was going to use the little poles I found laying around the property but our landlord insisted on bringing over some huge power pole culls, so we went with those. They aren’t going anywhere!

The post Grapes again appeared first on The Survival Gardener.

SELCO: The Reality of Medical Preparedness

Organic Prepper - Mon, 09/06/2021 - 07:39
by Selco Begovic

Author of The Dark Secrets of SHTF Survival and the online course SHTF Survival Boot Camp

The reality of medical preparedness is that people often waste a … Read the rest

The post SELCO: The Reality of Medical Preparedness appeared first on The Organic Prepper.

Ending the Hidden Practice of Pelvic Exams on Unconscious Women Without Their Consent

Nutrition Video - Mon, 09/06/2021 - 06:50
Will #MeToo be able to break through the white-coat wall of silence?

Fall Fern Care – How To Divide Overgrown Ferns & Save For Next Year!

Old World Garden - Sun, 09/05/2021 - 07:24

Autumn is just around the corner, and that means it’s time to divide your overgrown ferns and create even more gorgeous plants to use again next year. Not only can …

The post Fall Fern Care – How To Divide Overgrown Ferns & Save For Next Year! appeared first on Old World Garden Farms.

The WHO (World Health Organization) Has EARS?

Organic Prepper - Sat, 09/04/2021 - 07:22
by Jeff Thompson

As if 2020 wasn’t crazy enough, now in 2021, we have an international organization using an AI to monitor what we say for COVID-related thoughtcrime.

What … Read the rest

The post The WHO (World Health Organization) Has EARS? appeared first on The Organic Prepper.

5 Big Problems With Your Primitive Fishing Game and How to Solve Them

Organic Prepper - Fri, 09/03/2021 - 07:20
by Coty Perry

Primitive fishing isn’t a difficult game, but a lot of people overcomplicate it. You need to have the right bait and drop it in the right spot … Read the rest

The post 5 Big Problems With Your Primitive Fishing Game and How to Solve Them appeared first on The Organic Prepper.

Miyagi Mornings Recap for 9-2-21 – Epi-2949

Survival Podcast - Fri, 09/03/2021 - 07:00
Welcome to Miyagi mornings weekly recap, a podcast version of our daily video series Miyagi Mornings, links to the video version of each segment can be found in the show notes for this episode. These recap episodes are part of … Continue reading →

Flashback Friday: Fermented or Unfermented Soy Foods for Prostate Cancer Prevention?

Nutrition Video - Fri, 09/03/2021 - 06:50
Which appear more protective: fermented soy foods, such as miso and tempeh, or unfermented soy, like tofu and soy milk?

TSPC Expert Council Q&A 9-2-21 – Epi-2948

Survival Podcast - Thu, 09/02/2021 - 15:14
Today on The Survival Podcast the expert panel answers your questions on cattle, solar power, alternative housing, ADD in children, investing for young people, entrepreneurship, crypto, history in our lifetimes and more. Make sure if you submit content for a … Continue reading →

Could The US Break Up USSR Style? – Miyagi Mornings Epi-163

Survival Podcast - Thu, 09/02/2021 - 12:36
If the Odysee video has any playback issues the YouTube version is here. Let me start out with something you have to accept if you even want to honestly have this discussion and consider how relevant to you it could … Continue reading →

Australian Authorities Can Now LEGALLY CHANGE Citizens’ Social Media Posts

Organic Prepper - Thu, 09/02/2021 - 07:32
by Jeff Thompson

If you currently live in Australia, you’re probably already aware that some pretty draconian measures have taken place in the name of public health.

But this next … Read the rest

The post Australian Authorities Can Now LEGALLY CHANGE Citizens’ Social Media Posts appeared first on The Organic Prepper.

How To Recharge Your Garden Soil This Fall – 3 Simple, Low-Cost Ways!

Old World Garden - Thu, 09/02/2021 - 07:26

Looking for a simple, inexpensive way to feed and recharge your garden soil this fall for a better garden next year? We have you covered today with not just one, …

The post How To Recharge Your Garden Soil This Fall – 3 Simple, Low-Cost Ways! appeared first on Old World Garden Farms.

How to Become a Soy Equol Producer 

Nutrition blog - Thu, 09/02/2021 - 07:00

Certain gut bacteria can supercharge the benefits of soy foods, resulting in even more bone protection, better control of menopausal symptoms, and lower prostate cancer risk, but how can we foster the growth of these good bacteria? 

“Menopause is characterized by a decrease in estrogen, which triggers the uncomfortable symptoms of hot flushes [also known as hot flashes], night sweats, sleep disturbances, and vaginal dryness. Among these menopausal symptoms, hot flushes are reported by many women to be the most bothersome.” You may be familiar with my summary of the available evidence on the role of soy phytoestrogens to help alleviate those symptoms presented in my earlier video Soy Foods and Menopause. I discuss the latest meta-analysis in my more recent video, How to Convert Into an Equol Producer. Although the balance of evidence points to the benefits of soy, the individual study results are all over the place. Yes, some studies show 20, 30, even 40 percent better than control, but some showed no effect, as you can see at 0:38 in my video

This is something that’s been noted by professional societies like the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Indeed, these supplements may work, but the evidence is inconsistent. This may be partly because the supplements used were extracted from different parts of the soybean. It might be better if, instead of supplements, soy foods were used. The dosing would be about two servings of traditional soy foods a day—for example, two cups of soy milk. In fact, that is what you see older women in Japan doing, and they have some of the lowest reported rates of hot flashes in the world. Nevertheless, even the studies on soy foods, as opposed to supplements, have reported “conflicting results.” Why all the inconsistency? It may have to do with our gut bacteria. 

People who eat foods made from soybeans, which have “health-promoting isoflavones,” tend to have lower rates of a variety of chronic diseases, such as “cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and some cancers such as breast, prostate, and colon cancers,” so can we garner this protection by eating more soy foods? It may be a little more complicated than that. There are certain gut bacteria that can convert isoflavones in soy into a potentially even more beneficial compound called equol, but not all individuals can make this conversion. Why not? Because not all individuals have the specific types of good bacteria in their gut that do it. There are two types of people in the world: equol producers and equol nonproducers, depending on their gut flora. This may help account for the variations in health benefits we see in clinical studies; it may help explain why some people seem to benefit from soy more than others.  

For example, you may remember a study I covered previously about how soymilk appears to prevent bone loss in the spines of postmenopausal women, which I show at 2:32 in my video. Well, if you split those women into equol producers and equol nonproducers, you’ll find that soy did work in equol nonproducers, but it seemed to work even better in the women whose gut bacteria can take the soy to the next level. 

The more equol Japanese women make from the soy they eat, the fewer menopausal symptoms they may have, as you can see at 2:55 in my video. Some studies suggest equol-producing men may get less prostate cancer. If that’s the case, perhaps we should “examine the possibility of improving the intestinal environment to enable equol production.” Only a minority of the Western adult population can produce equol, though nearly every other animal species appears to be able to produce it without any problem. In fact, it got its name because it was first discovered in equines. Interestingly, horses produce equol during the summer, but not the winter, because summertime is when their gut bacteria have access to the phytoestrogens in clover. That was our first clue that equol was made from plants. 

“This then begs the important question, i.e., can we take someone who does not make equol and convert them to an equol–producer? Certainly, it is possible to do the reverse; excessive use of antibiotics, which wipe out intestinal flora, is likely to do this” by getting rid of your good bugs, but how can you acquire the right good bugs? Suggested strategies include dietary alteration or probiotics.  

The standard probiotic regimens don’t seem to help, though, so how about dietary alteration? About half of Japanese and Korean individuals can produce equol, but only as low as one in seven Americans can. Could it be because more soy is eaten in Asia? That would make sense: If you eat a lot of soy, you may foster the growth of bacteria in your gut that can digest soy. A month of soy isoflavone supplement exposure didn’t seem to convert equol-nonproducers into producers, though. After just two weeks of drinking three glasses of soy milk a day, however, three of six women were converted into equol-producers. As you can see at 4:45 in my video, for example, a woman started out hardly making any equol at all. After two weeks of drinking soy milk, though, she got nice equol spikes when the researchers had her drink some more, but it didn’t work for all women. And, when researchers tried the same experiment in men, nothing happened. Back to the drawing board. 

Is there any group of Westerners with high equol production rates from whom we may be able to get a clue? Vegetarians have among the highest equol production rates ever recorded and are more than four times as likely to be equol producers as their non-vegetarian counterparts. Why? Researchers don’t think it’s because of the soy, given the conflicting soy data, but could it be because they’re eating more prebiotics, such as fiber? Or, maybe dietary fat intake decreases the capacity of gut flora to make equol, or perhaps it has something to do with cholesterol intake. Analyzing the diets of equol producers, it seems they are more likely to be eating greater amounts of carbohydrates, plant protein, and fiber. 

Researchers have tried giving people fiber supplements along with soy, but that didn’t seem to work. Whatever it is about those eating plant-based diets, they may soon be the only remaining majority equol producers as Asian populations continue to Westernize their diets. 

KEY TAKEAWAYS

  • The balance of evidence finds that soy is beneficial for alleviating menopausal symptoms.
  • Eating foods made from soybeans may lower rates of myriad chronic diseases, including heart disease, osteoporosis, and breast, prostate, and colon cancers.
  • Certain gut bacteria can convert the isoflavones in soy into equol, which is potentially even more beneficial, but not everyone has the specific types of bacteria to do so.
  • This difference in gut flora may help explain the variations in soy benefits found in studies.
  • Those whose gut bacteria are able to produce equol may experience fewer menopausal symptoms and less prostate cancer, for example.
  • Only a minority of Western adults can produce equol, though virtually all other animal species seem to be able to do so. 
  • Equol is made from plants. 
  • Vegetarians have among the highest rates of equol production and are more than four times as likely to produce equol than non-vegetarians.

What was that about safely helping to control hot flashes? Check out my video Soy Phytoestrogens for Menopause Hot Flashes

Plant-based eating has a variety of healthy effects on our good gut bacteria. See, for example: 

In health, 

Michael Greger, M.D. 

PS: If you haven’t yet, you can subscribe to my free videos here and watch my live presentations: 

Live Fencing: What Is It and How to Implement It

Insteading - Wed, 09/01/2021 - 16:07

A few years ago, I served as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Senegal, West Africa with the specific task of implementing agroforestry practices. Before this position, I was only vaguely familiar with agroforestry, but since then, my eyes have been opened to it, and I see it quite a lot. Whether done unintentionally through home gardens with shade trees or purposefully with live fencing techniques, it is a common and useful practice and a relatively simple concept to grasp.

Before we go further, let’s look at a brief overview of agroforestry as “… a mixture of trees, crops, and animals on the same parcel of land …” — Elizabeth Buttram, Insteading.

The utilization of crops and livestock is optional, but trees are an essential part of agroforestry. Trees usually provide multiple services when integrated with agriculture whether through shade generation, shelter, erosion prevention, natural borders, green manure, fodder for livestock, or windbreaks. 

Related Post: Introduction to Agroforestry: What It Is and How to Successfully Implement It on Your Homestead

This article will serve as a specific approach to implement live fencing, a very common agroforestry practice.

What Is Live Fencing?

Live fencing is the use of woody species that are planted in close proximity to create a natural, living border. 

Goals and Objectives

Privacy, natural borders, wildlife habitat, containment of livestock/keep out pesky wildlife species and other agroforestry functions such as windbreaks and soil conservation.

Pros of Live Fencing
  • It is durable for multiple generations (i.e., longer lasting), more economically feasible, provides wildlife habitat, may provide wood, and is more environmentally friendly and sustainable.
  • Living fences offer biological and agricultural functions that a manufactured fence cannot. It is a greener (both ecologically and aesthetically) option.
Cons of Live Fencing

It is time consuming and requires excess maintenance like pruning/watering and is sometimes hard to establish.

Your specific objectives behind live fencing will dictate what species you use. If your goal is to keep out (or in) livestock/wildlife, you will want to use thorny species. However, if you simply want a natural border, lower maintenance, or a privacy wall, your species choice will change.

Check this link for more ideas on what species to use for your live fencing a goals.

Live fence hedgerow // Elizabeth Buttram

After you have decided what species you would like to create your live fence, you will need to further decide if you would rather cultivate a tree nursery, or buy young trees that are ready to be planted. This decision depends on your time limitations and the amount of personal effort you would like to put into the project. If it isn’t obvious, creating a tree nursery will take more time and care than simply buying young trees. However, it will be more economically feasible to go this route. 

Creating a Tree NurseryRequired Items
  • Healthy soil
  • Grow bags (cloth or plastic)
  • Partially open-sun/shaded area
  • Water unit (automatic or manual)
  • Tree species seeds
  • Official grow bags (These can be purchased, however, most of the time you can recycle items to make grow bags. Old sandwich bags can be used. Just make sure you poke a few holes in the bottom to allow excess water to drain. Old socks can be used in the same way and don’t need to have holes poked in the bottom.)

It is important to note that the size of the seeds you are planting will dictate the size of the grow bags you use.

It is also important to know the dimensions of the area you would like to live fence. It will dictate the amount of grow sacks that need to be filled/seeded, and the number of seedlings that will need to be outplanted. 

Steps

Steps to creating a tree nursery can dramatically differ depending on the resources you have available on your homestead. For example, if you have healthy soil at your disposal, you will not need to either amend the soil or buy more. If the soil you have available is not healthy, it is highly recommended to either amend or buy soil.

1. Locate a flat area that has partial shade and sun throughout the day.

2. Dig a shallow trench (1 to 2 inches) in which the grow bags will be placed after they are filled. Line the edges of the trench with soil that has been dug out to help create a small wall. This creates a designated area for your tree nursery and helps them stand in wind and avoid being top-heavy once they start growing. 

Tree nursery with walls of shallow trench pushed against grow bags to help keep them from shifting // Elizabeth Buttram

3. Ensure the soil you plan to use to fill the grow bags is loose (not clumped together) and moderately moist. A good rule of thumb to know that soil is moist enough is if it sticks to your hand a bit when squeezing it, but does not clump together from excessive wetness.

4. Fill your grow bags with soil, making sure the soil is firmly packed in the bag with no air pockets, but not so firm the soil is impenetrable — which will make it difficult to plant the seeds, for water to penetrate the soil, and for seeds to sprout and root.

When placing the filled bags into the shallow trench, pack them closely together within the trench to help prevent them from falling over or tilting.

5. Plant the seeds! Another good (really great) rule of thumb to follow to make sure you are planting the seeds at an appropriate depth is to plant them twice as deep as they are wide. For example, if you are planting avocado seeds (which for live fencing would be highly unlikely), plant them twice the depth of the thickness of the seed. 

Depending on the seeds you use, they may need to be presoaked and notched to help encourage faster germination, sprouting, and growth rates. Small, dainty seeds will grow easily without being presoaked or notched, but larger and thicker seeds generally will need at least one of these steps. 

6. Cover the seeded holes and water your tree nursery. Most tree nurseries (depending on heat and weather conditions) benefit from being watered twice a day: once in the morning and once in the evening. Push your finger into the soil within the grow bag about knuckle deep to see if you have sufficiently watered (it should be wet that deep if it has been watered enough).

Live Fencing // Flickr

How to Know if Seeds Need to Be Presoaked or Notched
  1. If the seeds have a hard, protective coating on the outside
  2. If the seeds are larger than a watermelon seed, they generally will benefit
How to Presoak Seeds

Leave seeds in a clean container and clean water for 24 to 36 hours, depending on the size of the seeds (the larger the seeds, the longer they should soak).

How to Notch Seeds (Also Known as Seed Scarification)

Notching seeds should be done with a clean tool, and the tool can differ from nail clippers to scissors to knife. After choosing the best tool, make as shallow a cut as possible on the seed. The depth should be just deep enough to cut through the seed coat, but not so deep as to penetrate the embryo inside the seed. If you cut too deep, it will damage the embryo and could prevent the seed from sprouting. Most seeds have a hilum (the scar left from where the seed was attached to the ovary inside the fruit/nut). Try to cut opposite and as far away from the hilum as possible to avoid damage to the seed.

Once your tree nursery begins establishing and growing, you will know it is time to outplant your seedlings when the grow sacks begin bulging from the roots trying to find more room. Usually, the seedlings will be about a foot high (this is not precise because it truly depends on the species you are using). You do not want the grow sacks to be so compacted from the roots that they are extremely firm and/or breaking the grow sack open, but firm enough to see the roots are trying to find more room and have begun expanding outward as well as down. 

How to Outplant Seedlings

1. Dig a hole 3 to 4 times larger than the grow bag or seedlings container 

If soil in your area is of low quality or arid, it can be helpful for seedling establishment to amend the soil where you will be planting the seedlings before the planting takes place. To do this, dig the hole as already described and add amendments. Mix the amendments, water the hole, and allow it to sit for a day or two before planting the seedlings (to allow amendments to absorb into the soil).

Soil amendments can include compost, tree ash, manure (cow, goat, bunny), silica, etc.

2. Carefully remove the seedling from the grow sack, ensuring the roots are not damaged or broken in the process.

3. Ruffle the soil around the rootstock to help decompact it and allow roots to easily grow outwards.

4. Place seedling in the center of the hole being conscious to not plant it too deep. The depth should be enough to completely cover the soil encasing the roots, but not so deep it covers more than an inch of the seedling stem.

5. Fill in the remainder of the hole and pack soil down enough to discourage the seedling from shifting within the hole.

6. Continue watering freshly outplanted seedlings until they have become adequately established.

The proximity/planting distance between the seedlings directly coincides with the species you decide to plant. This is personal research that should be done after you decide the species you would like to use for live fencing. Generally, the seedlings will be planted in a row about 1 to 2 feet apart (again, this depends on the species you use).

Live Fencing // Iyarkaiodu NaamAfter-Planting Care

After the live fencing seedlings have been outplanted and begun growing, the pruning and weaving process begins. Your objectives for having a live fence will dictate what exactly this process looks like for you in terms of the height, thickness, shape, etc., of your fence. Here’s a list of general steps for after-planting care:

  • Trim to the shape and height you desire with clean pruning shears (or a tool that works the same).
    • If your objective is to have a tall live fence that acts as a windbreak, leave the top of the seedling alone and only trim the side branches.
    • If the objective is to have a short, squat live fence that acts as a privacy barrier or to keep livestock in or wildlife out, trim the top of the seedling to help promote side branching, and therefore make the tree grow thicker, creating a natural privacy barrier and making it difficult for animals to break through.
  • Begin weaving branches between the live fencing trees. Weaving essentially allows the trees to grow together as one, without there being gaps and spaces between the tops of the trees. 

Some important things to keep in mind depending on your objectives:

If you desire a privacy barrier, ensure you plant evergreen species so you don’t have an unwanted surprise when winter comes, and your privacy barrier suddenly loses its leaves and becomes see-through!

If you want a live fence that is designed to keep livestock in and wildlife out, use a thorny species to discourage the animals from breaking through the fence and discourage animals from eating the fence!

If you’re are creating a live fence in an area that has a lot of animal activity, make sure you protect the fence during the establishment process so it is not mowed down via animals eating it and destroyed before it is established.

If planting the live fence close to a sidewalk, paved road, or driveway, make sure you choose a species with roots known to grow downward versus outward, otherwise you will deal with a cracking sidewalk, road, or driveway from the roots growing under it.

Have a plan in mind for entrances and exits for your live fence (you can’t move the trees in and out of place as you would a doorway).

Know your allergies! It would be terribly unfortunate to create a live fence with annual flowering cycles that trigger allergic reactions.

photo courtesy of bob vilaConclusion

After establishment, live fences are relatively low maintenance and beautiful to have around. They are long lasting and generally damage-resistant. The environmentally friendly aspect is a huge attraction, especially knowing you are providing wildlife habitat for birds and small critters.

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